Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (Runners Knee)

Brighton Beach Physio - Tuesday, July 14, 2015

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome is a common of the knee condition causing pain and discomfort in the front of the knee, often on the inner side of the kneecap. This condition can often be transient initially however without the appropriate management may become increasingly regular.

Cause – The cause of this condition is due to malalignment of the kneecap as it glides over the knee joint below. This can be caused by numerous factors including weakness of specific muscles at the knee, muscular tightness around the knee, patella (kneecap) stiffness, poor control and weakness of specific muscles at the hip as well as poor foot posture – usually “rolling in” which is known as excessive pronation.

Symptoms – The presentation of this condition can vary greatly from person to person however many patients will report the following symptoms;

  • Pain in the front of the knee
  • Knee pain with prolonged sitting
  • Knee pain with climbing and descending stairs
  • Knee pain with running or sports

Whilst the pain may initially present only with certain activities, like the ones mentioned above, it can progressively worsen to the point where the knee is constantly painful.

Treatment– Most people suffering from Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome will respond very well to Physiotherapy treatment alone. Your Physiotherapist will start by taking a clear history of your concerns, perform a physical assessment to ascertain that Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome is the most appropriate diagnosis. Further assessment will determine the major contributing factors to your case, whether that be primarily concerns at the foot, the knee or the hip, often there will be a combination of all three. Treatment may include a selection of the following;

  • Soft tissue massage
  • Patella (kneecap) mobilisation
  • Dry needling
  • Taping techniques or brace fitting
  • Orthotic prescription
  • Home strengthening regime for muscles at the hip, knee and potentially foot.
  • Running technique correction

Whilst Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome is a common condition, it is often mismanaged. In the vast majority of cases there is a simple solution to this painful knee condition.

 If you feel you, or someone you know, may be suffering from Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome or any other knee condition call Brighton Beach Physiotherapy Centre on 9304 4100 for an assessment and treatment plan. No GP referral is required and private health rebates can be claimed immediately.